Guide for Authors

The Journal publishes original articles, review articles, rapid communications and proceedings of scientific meetings.


Original articles should be no longer than ten pages i.e., about 30 000 characters, including tables and figures. The manuscript should be arranged as follows: title page, abstract, main body text, acknowledgements, references, tables, figures. Papers must be submitted in English.

Title, authors' names, affiliations and addresses:

Please include e-mail addresses where appropriate. The title page should include the following: the title of the paper/article, the names (in full) and surname of each author (surename should be written in capital letters), the department and institution where the study was carried out (international names), e-mail address of the corresponding author. The title of the article should not contain abbrevations, chemical formulas, trade marks.


The Abstract of not more than 200 words should state the problem investigated, outline the methods used and summarize the main conclusions.

Up to five keywords should be supplied
. Keywords may be taken from the title, abstract or text. The plural form and uppercase letters should be avoided.

Main body text:

The main body of the text should be divided under suitable headings, numbered to show the hierarchical order. Some or all of the following headings may be appropriate.

1. Introduction. This should explain the problem investigated, review earlier work and state the intentions of the present paper.

2. Materials and methods

3. Results. These should be presented with reference to appropriate figures and tables. The most appropriate presentations should be chosen and tabulated data should not duplicate that shown graphically.

4. Discussion. This may merit a separate section, although Results and Discussion can sometimes be presented together.

5. Conclusions. Research and Review papers must have this final section but it is optional in Research Notes. Conclusions emerging from the work should be succinctly summarized. These conclusions will have been discussed in the paper and new material must not be introduced at this stage.

Acknowledgments: These are optional.



In the reference list, the references should appear in alphabetical order, preceded by an Arabic numeral enclosed in square brackets. The authors’ names are listed in alphabetical and chronological order for each author.

The references are cited in the text by the corresponding number enclosed in square brackets.



Each table must be placed on a separate sheet and numbered consecutively throughout the text (with Arabic numerals), and referred to as Table 1, Table 2, etc. There must be a caption at the top of each table.



Each figure must be placed on a separate sheet and numbered consecutively throughout the paper, being referred to in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Figure captions should be placed beneath each figure and should also be listed on a separate sheet. Figure captions. These should be listed, together with any 'key' information necessary to aid interpretation.

Preferred formats are TIFF, EPS and BMP in resolutions more than 300 bpi. JPG and GIF are optional.


Brief accounts of particularly interesting results can be published as rapid communications. Their length is limited to four printed pages, (including figures and tables). They have the same structure as original articles. Authors do not receive proofs.



The length of review articles is limited to 12 printed pages, The usual division into ‘materials and methods, results and discussion’ may be replaced by a more adapted structure.



Summaries of communications are limited to 2000 characters. They have no chapters, bibliographic references, or acknowledgements and are published by prior arrangement with the Editorial Board.


Units, symbols and abbreviations

System International (SI) Units must be used.


Mathematical symbols

Symbols should be kept as simple as possible and all symbols used must be defined. Where many symbols are used in a paper, they should be listed in an unnumbered section headed "Notation". The printer will place this in a convenient location. In addition, it is helpful to define each symbol as it is used for the first time. Greek letters and mathematical symbols should be inserted clearly, if necessary by hand, and distinguished by name in the margin where this is necessary. Particular care should be taken to ensure that the relative position of letters and numerals is quite clear. This applies particularly to equations, subscripts, exponents and indices. Mathematical symbols should be printed in italics, since this helps to distinguish them from units, which are printed in upright form.


We can accept most word-processing formats

  • Font - Arial (Word 6.0 or later),

  • Page Setup - Top: 20 mm, Bottom: 10 mm, Left: 20 mm, Right: 20 mm,

  • Paper Size - A4,

  • Line spacing - Format, Paragraph, Line spacing: Single,

  • Paragraph first line - Format, Paragraph, Special: First Line, By: 1 cm,

  • Title - Font Size 14, Centered, Bold,

  • Author's forename and surname - Font Size 12, centered

  • Abstract - Font Size 10, Italic, 5-6 lines

  • Keywords - Font Size 10, Italic, 1-2 lines

  • Paper layout - Font Size 12


Please do not use options such as automatic word breaking, justified layout, double columns or automatic paragraph numbering (especially for numbered references).

When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, please use only one grid for each separate table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is being used, use tabs to align columns instead of spaces.